An Artists Communion Through A Lens

Posts tagged “Charleston

Charleston Harbor – Winds and Currents

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The harbor beneath the wings of this gull has seen Spanish explorers, British settlers, Slave Traders, Revolutionary War, British Occupation,  replacement as State Capital and Slave Rebellion.

The US Civil War was started here.  At its end, Charleston was occupied by Union Troops.

Charleston has been battered by Earthquakes (1886) and Hurricanes (1989)

The Citadel, where I attended night courses as an enlisted sailor, now admits African Americans and Women, something inconceivable even 50 years ago.

The Naval Base and Shipyard are now gone, as is the Polaris Missile Facility where I was stationed.

Container Ships, Cruise Ships and Tour Boats have replaced the Destroyers, Mine Sweepers and Submarines.

Sea Level rise by the end of this century will dramatically change the peninsula.

The harbor, in some shape and size, will endure.  It is, a Laughing Gull


Charleston Harbor – Castle Pinckney: A True Story

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Farther into Charleston Harbor from Fort Sumter is Castle Pinckney.  Also named for a Revolutionary War  Hero, it sits on the tiny island of Shutes Folly.

A log and earthen Fort was begun in 1797 and destroyed by a hurricane in 1804.  In 1810, A brick replacement, “Castle Pinckney” was constructed but later abandoned.

Garrisoned again in 1832 during the Nullification Crisis, it later went unused, except for gunpowder storage.

By the late 1850’s,  it was part of the harbor defense network, along with Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie.

 On 27 December 1860,  the fort was surrendered to South Carolina militia by the Federal garrison, four months before Fort Sumter.

During September of 1861, it was briefly a prison for Union Army POWs.

Updated but again unneeded during the Spanish American War, a harbor lighthouse was built on it which operated until the early 1900’s.

A 1924 Presidential Proclamation declared it a US National Monument.

A 1951 Congressional Act undeclared it a US National Monument.  It was transferred to the US Army Corps of Engineers.

In 1958, the South Carolina State Ports Authority bought it as excess US property for $12,000. Unable to develop it, The SPA later tried to give it back to the US Government but was refused.

In 1964, the SPA gave Castle Pinckney to the Shriners.

In 1965  the Shriners gave it back to the SPA.

In 1969, the SPA gave it to the Fort Sumter Sons of Confederate Veterans Camp 1269

In 1984, the SCV  returned the property to the SPA.

In June, 2011, Castle Pinckney was sold to the Fort Sumter Sons of Confederate Veterans Camp 1269 for $10.

Sons of Confederate Veterans Camp 1269 Commander Philip Middleton said he was concerned about developers.

“We didn’t want to see something out there like a sports bar, with neon lights,” he said.

 


Charleston Harbor – Fort Sumter

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A sand bar in the mouth of Charleston Harbor was fortified with tons of New England granite to become Fort Sumter, part of the U.S. coast defenses built after the War of 1812.

Named for a Revolutionary War General,  it was still unfinished when Confederate batteries opened fire on 12 April, 1861, beginning the US Civil War.

The inevitable result of what Mr. Lincoln called “the terrible arithmetic” was the surrender of the Confederacy on 9 April 1865.

  Between those 4 Aprils, the toll was an estimated 620,000 lives.

Lincoln was assassinated 5 days later.

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